Cebuano Sounds (Phonemes)

Cebuano Sounds (Phonemes)
Cebuano has 16 consonant and 3 vowel sounds, to wit:

/b, k, d, g, h, l, m, n, ng, p, r, s, t, w, y, ?/ and /a, i, u/ respectively.

These are articulated as follows:

Eng. Key Ceb. Words Eng. Key Ceb. Words
/b/~ bank ba’ta (child) /ng/~ ring ng’ipon(teeth)
/k/~ carpet k ape’ (coffee) /p/~pen papel'(paper)
/d/~ dike d alan (road) /r/~ red relo'(clock)
/g/~ gate g a’tas (milk) /s/~ soap sabon'(soap)
/h/~ hot h ag’dan (stair) /t/~ tap t’wo(person)
/l/~ luck lamas'(spice) /w/~ wash wa’say(ax)
/m/~ man manok'(chicken> /y/~ yen ya’wi(key)
/n/~now nut’buk(notebok) /?/~ ?uh?uh amo’?(monkey)

/a/ is low central vowel — asu’kar (sugar), pa’pa (dad), abog’ (dust), awto (car)

/i/ is mid-front vowel — it has two forms: [ i ] and [ e ] — ikaw’ (you), tse’ke (check), papel’ (paper), sek’retar,yo (secretary), tiil (feet)

/u/ is mid-high back vowel — it has also two forms: [ o ] and [ u ] — tu’o (v. believe) tinu’od (true), bas’tos (ill-mannered), u’lo (head), tu’hod (knee), tubig (water)

**Stress is indicated by an apostrophe [ ‘ ]. Stress is phonemic in Cebuano.

tu’o (believe) — tuo’ (right hand)>
wala? (none) — wala’ (left hand) — wa’la (get lost)
a’mo? (ours) — amo? (monkey) — a’mo (master)

(courtesy of at:

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